The Pewaukee River is a nice stream located in suburban Milwaukee. Typically, this runs shallow, so the trick is catching it when the water levels are right. If you can, you’ll enjoy a nice mix of town paddling, marsh paddling, woodland paddling, and even some fun rapids.
We launched downstream of the Pewaukee Lake dam, just east of the “Chocolate Factory.” Parking is reserved for plaza customers, but we asked and were told it was ok to park here for launching. The launch area is very nice and is popular with fishermen. While shallow here, it doesn’t remain this way for long as 500′ downstream the main branch joins up and the river is plenty deep for the next four miles.
The first 1-2 miles of the trip run through downtown Pewaukee, which I found very pleasant. Among the highlights were a scenic river mural, stone bridges, and large trees smothering an already narrow channel and giving this stretch an enclosed feeling.
An annual tradition in May is the Pewaukee Kiwanis RiverRun. The race runs from Hwy M to Frame Park in Waukesha, and shuttles are provided for paddlers. On a humorous note, this group hands out an award each year to the slowest paddler. The most recent “winning” time was 3 hours 33 minutes, which we easily smashed with our 5 hour 38 minute trip (taking pictures is a good trick for lengthening trips). While the race is launched from the Hummel Machine Products parking lot, signs mark this as private, so I’m not sure if this is permitted outside of the race. I suggest putting in further upstream for better launch options and because I thought the upper section was scenic.
Shortly after the Hwy M bridge, the river changes significantly. The houses and trees recede into the distance and the trip for the next ~4 miles flows through a pleasant cattail marsh. This is not a five-star section, but was attractive with many nice marsh plants. Given the heavy urban development surrounding this watershed, having a chance to paddle through such a large, contiguous wilderness area was a treat.
Slowly the wilderness feeling wears away as you approach I-94. Large office buildings, like alien monoliths, appear on the horizon. The channel actually gets more interesting though as it picks up speed near the interstate. The mucky substrate is replaced with an attractive gravel bottom, clarity improves significantly, and hardwoods start to return to the river banks.
Going under I-94 is actually a highlight in and of itself. Quite long and massive, this reminded me of biking through the Elroy-Sparta tunnels. Note, this bridge is not super high. The Kiwanis warn that boats could get stuck under here in high water. I’m assuming this would be when the banks are overflowing but am not sure. Portaging I-94 would NOT be fun.
The next mile to Steinhafels was a wonderful section on the river. Here you’ll zip through a narrow channel past thick woods with occasional small boulder gardens and light riffles. Yes, you’re in an urban environment, with the occasional sights and sounds of the nearby interstate, but it was worth the experience and you surprisingly enough don’t see that many houses. While a great section, you will finally encounter shallow spots near the riffles. Most we could scootch through, but I do suggest bringing rope and aquatic footwear in case you need to get out and walk.
By Steinhafels the river narrows and speeds up significantly. This is one of the most scenic sections of the river, with glacial erratics sprinkled throughout, but also one of the shallowest. In high water, this stretch can contain Class 2 rapids, which you’ll want to scout beforehand. Some of the rapids wrap around switchbacks which can be an issue for longer boats, but are otherwise great fun.
From Steinhafels to the Illinois Fox is the most scenic but most frustratingly shallow part of the trip. Don’t let this deter you though, because if you are willing to walk your boat for brief sections, you’ll still have a neat experience.
From the mouth, it was only a short paddle on the Illinois Fox before we took out at Wonderland Tap (a local bar). For more information about the upper Illinois Fox, you can read the review I did on this last year.
We launched east of The Chocolate Factory, just downstream of the Pewaukee Lake dam. Parking is for customers only, but we asked and were told we were ok to park here. The launch is shallow and not indicative of the river for the next four miles.
Alternatively you can launch on the east/main Pewaukee branch off Capitol Drive in the Pewaukee Village Park.
A third nearby option is a large parking lot at the junction of the west and east branches. There is a dock for launching canoes on the northwest side.
During the annual Kiwanis race, paddlers launch northeast of the Hwy M bridge. This is private and you may need permission to launch here.
Good take-out at Wonderland Tap. This is a private bar, but they do permit paddlers to use the adjacent bank for access. They do ask however that you park north of the establishment and facing Redford Blvd.
Another mile or so and you can take out at Frame Park in Waukesha. If you are willing to paddle further, you can reach the dam and paddle some fun rapids below that. For further information on this, check out my previous Illinois Fox review.
If you go during the annual RiverRun, you can use the Kiwanis shuttle.
For bike shuttlers this is a mostly flat 5 miles, but consists of largely urban peddling, so car dodging will be an issue.
Hazards and Logjams:
There are no logjams! These used to be quite plentiful by and south of I-94, but the Kiwanis have done a great job clearing these out.
The I-94 bridge can be a hazard in very high water. Quite long, it is possible for boats to get stuck under here at high depths, as the downstream exit is smaller than the upstream entrance. At our depth this was not an issue. Portaging I-94 and its 10 lanes would be evil.
Most of the riffles on this trip were super easy at our depth. At high flow rates these can turn into Class 2 rapids and shoot around tight curves. The strongest sections are southeast of Steinhafels and can be scouted beforehand.
Lastly, the railroad bridge just before the Illinois Fox (after Redford Blv.) is low. Many paddlers who have not ducked sufficiently here have suffered head lacerations.
River Depth, Navigability and Current:
The current starts slow to moderate and continues this way until I-94. Past I-94, things pick up with occasional riffles. The fastest section with the most noteworthy rapids are located close to the mouth.
There is no local gauge on the river, which is frustrating. The marker on the Bark River at Delafield is probably your best bet. We went at 22 CFS, for what it is worth. At this depth practically everything upstream of I-94 was easily navigable (and should be no matter how shallow it gets). The one exception was a brief hundred-foot section on the west branch of the river, which was shallow. There is a visual marker here which read 6 cm.
After I-94, the river was mostly navigable at 22 CFS, but we did run aground sometimes and had to do kayak push-ups to get through. Deeper drafting boats (canoes and whitewater kayaks) will have a rougher time. By and after Steinhafels the channel is the shallowest (and fastest), and we did have to walk out boats here and there (well worth it IMO).
If you go during the Kiwanis race, the dam operator will release water from Pewaukee Lake into the river to ensure adequate depth.
In summary, my unscientific guess would be that anything below 20 CFS would require too much walking. Above 30 CFS the river might be too ugly and pushy, and getting under I-94 might be an issue. These are just guesses.
Several red-tails, ducks, a green heron and many blue herons. The highlight was the many baby painted turtles on the trip that were quite tame. For vegetation, there were many gorgeous hardwoods along the banks, including quite a few weeping willows and some fine bur oaks. The marsh had abundant amounts of bottlebrush barnyard grass (a very furry grass) which was unique. The Pewaukee River Partnership is a local group that has worked to clean the river of trash, which is very much appreciated.