Willow Creek – Richland County
Date Paddled: April 23rd, 2017
Put-in: Hwy 58 - 2nd Bridge
Take-out: Hwy 58 - 3rd Bridge
Distance: 4.5 Miles
Time: 4 hours 22 minutes (atypical...2.5 hours would be more normal)
Gradient: 16' per mile (fast)
Water Level: Kickapoo River @ Ontario 117 CFS or 8.8'
All week I had diligently planned out a trip I was going to do in western Wisconsin, but…after driving over Willow Creek and seeing what I thought were perfect water levels, I made a spur of the moment decision to paddle the Willow instead. Located halfway between Reedsburg and Richland Center, Willow Creek is a tributary of the Pine River known for its trout fishing, swift current, and scenic sandstone outcrops, but not for paddling.
I launched from the 2nd Hwy 58 bridge (upstream bridges looked too shallow and downstream bridges miss out on good sections). Here the creek is pretty small but navigable, and starts with a nice sandstone outcrop. There is more neat geology including a seep raining from rock walls just a couple hundred yards upstream if you are feeling adventurous.
One of my first impressions of the creek was how fast it was and I got splashed pretty good early on. Past the put-in you’ll scoot along a fast, narrow chute with shallow rapids before being rewarded with a shady sandstone wall around the corner flanked by woods and light rapids. The sandstone wall is impressive and runs continuous for a quarter mile. Soon after, the creek opens up with occasional riffles and ledges before running smack into another massive sandstone wall just prior to Doolittle Road.
The next leg runs from Doolittle Road to Smyth Hollow Road and is the best part of the trip. The nice wooded sections recede for open pasture land with many cows…but what makes this special are the large number of huge and unique sandstone outcrops. Maybe 50-60′ high on average, these are big boys and had a “birthday cake”-like structure to them. These “cakes” would rise as tall, round sandstone plateaus crowned with towering white pines. All in all very striking, but difficult to photograph given the many Class 1 rapids. Eventually the creek veers away from this “mountain range” and continues as a simple pasture paddle before entering a pleasant woods. There is one major logjam to portage here, but I didn’t think it was too bad. Much of the substrate is still rocky and the water had a milky, translucent quality to it.
Prior to Smyth Hollow Road the trip was 5 stars, whereas afterwords it was just 3 stars. From Smyth Hollow Road to Lost Hollow isn’t bad though… I never had to portage and there are two minor outcrops, but the rapids die off, the rocky substrate gets buried and the creek becomes very muddy. The mud banks grow to be quite large (maybe 4-5′ on average) and are a bit of an eyesore. What’s interesting is the debris line is well above the bank line which means this creek floods with a fury. A pleasant but not a special section.
I assume most paddlers will want to take out at Lost Hollow Road. From Lost Hollow to the next Hwy 58 bridge there are 2.5 portages, several serious squeakers and numerous annoying strainers in fast current. Your reward for doing this last mile, however, will be the biggest sandstone walls of the trip. These rise to over 100′ and are backdropped by 200′ high hillsides. A little Upper Iowa here in Wisconsin.
I took out at Hwy 58, but ambitious paddlers can continue for another 4 miles to Dog Hollow Road. This would be a pleasant open stretch with fewer obstructions but probably is not special. After the trip make sure to check out Elephant Rock, which is just a mile south on Hwy 58.
Special thanks to Mark from Pine River Paddle and Tube for his suggestion to do this trip and the notes he provided. If you, the reader, have suggestions you would like to see reviewed, please let me know. The upper White River, the other Willow Creek, and Beaver Dam River were all reader suggestions and these tips were much appreciated.
Many of the bridges along the creek are part of public fishing easements and good access options. I think the 2nd Hwy 58 bridge is the best option, which is what I chose. Good parking, launch access, and it is scenic. If you put in at Hwy D or further upstream, the creek is really starting to get too small to run. If you put in at Doolittle or the other downstream bridges, you are missing out on some of the best parts of the creek.
I took out at the 3rd Hwy 58 bridge. At first it seems like a nice access option with a public parking area, but the issue is the steep and muddy banks. Compounding this, there is actually a logjam by the bridge. You can get around this by simply taking out a bit earlier. This bridge is certainly doable for access, but relative to the other bridges it is much more difficult. I assume most paddlers will prefer to take out at Lost Hollow Road (much better access) to avoid the logjams in the final mile.
Power paddlers can continue an additional four miles to Dog Hollow Road. This stretch is a good prospect, has few if any jams, and is popular with fishermen, but I doubt it has sandstone cliffs.
Super easy bike shuttle. Only 2.6 miles and mostly flat. Scenic too, with sandstone outcrops along the road.
Just to the west, Mark from Pine River Paddle and Tube runs a kayak rental and livery service for the Pine River. He is willing to do shuttles on the Willow Creek, but make sure to call in advance to inquire about availability (608-475-2199).
Hazards, Logjams and Current:
This is a fast creek with many riffles and light rapids, but nothing greater than Class 1. No farm fences to worry about on this trip.
Logjams are kind of an issue. Most you can squeak by. Below are the ones that require portages.
- Jam #1: Just prior to Smyth Hollow Road there is a large downed tree that must be portaged. Once you get out, you do have to pull your boat through the branches, but re-entry is pretty easy in the shallow rocky water.
- Jam #2: Maybe a mile prior to the take-out (between Lost Hollow Road and Hwy 58) is a portage up a steep muddy bank. I wasn’t phased and was able to use rope to make this easier but I could see many paddlers finding this very frustrating. In the summer the long grass will make portages much worse.
- Jam #3: Maybe a half mile prior to the take-out is a nasty cluster. Similar to #2, it requires a portage up a steep muddy bank.
- Jam #4: This is actually at the take-out. If you are dexterous you can get through this without portaging, otherwise you simply take out a bit earlier.
In much lower water, I could easily see there being twice as many portages. On top of this, there are many cases in which the current moves very quickly through debris fields which can be difficult if you are not experienced. But really 95% of the logjam and strainer issues are from Lost Hollow Road to Hwy 58, and I assume most paddlers will simply take out before then at Lost Hollow Road.
River Depth and Navigability:
This is a volatile creek with low lows and flash flood highs. During flash floods, the channel can rise 4-5′ (based on the debris line) and would be quite dangerous given the creek’s rapids and debris. When low, the rapids upstream of Smyth Hollow Road will have to be waded, but I don’t think this is a big deal myself. Downstream from Smyth, the creek is plenty deep and is probably always navigable. There is a lot of debris in the water after Lost Hollow Road, so if you do this, you might wait for higher depths to get over some of it (but too much depth would be dangerous). The best gauge nearby is the upper Kickapoo River at Ontario but this is flawed as the Willow will rise and fall much quicker than the upper Kickapoo.
- 0-70 CFS: You might be able to do the lower portions. Great water clarity, but probably best to wait for more water.
- 71-100 CFS: Decent depth, but you might have to walk some of the rapids upstream of Smyth Hollow
- 101-130 CFS: Very ideal depth. My trip was done at 117 CFS and while the pre-Smyth Hollow rapids were bumpy, it didn’t seem like a big deal.
- 131 to 170 CFS: Current starts to become pushy here. Probably only recommended for experienced boaters. Alternatively this might be a perfect depth for the far far upper sections.
- 171+ CFS: I assume these are near-flood conditions and not recommended.
Several muskrats and fish. The eagles would roost on the white pines atop the bluffs for an impressive view of the entire creek. There were many cows and horses on the trip. One curious horse by Lost Hollow Road kept following me and almost entered the water to join me. I didn’t see any trout fishermen during the paddle but did see several after the trip.
Other Willow Creek Trips:
- Upstream of Quarry Road: The river is actually still navigable with some large open sections, but I doubt there is much interesting geology this far north.
- Quarry Road (south of Yuba) to Shellington Road (just north of Hub City): 4.8 miles. Mediocre trip with some deadfall and mud, but some nice geology. Reviewed May 2017.
- Quarry Road to Hwy C: 1.5 miles. 4 major logjams make this not worth it IMO. There are two outcrops, but they aren’t major.
- Hwy C to Shellington Road: 3.3 miles. Some snags, but no logjams. Bit of a trout stream feel to it. Two nice clusters of outcrops at the end.
- Shellington Road to Rockbridge Park: 4.3 miles. A difficult section with many logjams and is not recommended until cleared out. Thanks to Mark McCauley and Timothy Bauer for the info.
- Rockbridge to Hwy AA (Port 1): 10.9 miles. Good stretch with scenic outcrops and popular with paddlers. Reviewed Jul 2011.
- Rockbridge to Hwy D: 3.7 miles. Rockbridge put-in is the highlight. Some nice bluffs downstream on this section.
- Hwy D to Hwy 80 Bridge near Hwy SR: 2.4 miles. Good rock formations on this stretch.
- Hwy 80 to Hwy AA (Port 1): 4.8 miles. Trying to remember…think there is one nice bluff on this stretch.
- Hwy AA (Port 1) to Hwy Q (Port 4): 4.6 miles. Nice stretch through the city of Richland Center. Reviewed Oct 2013.
- Hwy AA (Port 1) to Industrial Drive (Port 2): 2.7 miles. Nice open section with views of the hills.
- Industrial Drive (Port 2) to Krouskop Park (Port 3): 1.9 miles. More tree cover, so prepare to dodge submerged logs.
- Krouskop Park (Port 3) to Hwy Q (Port 4): 1 mile. Great section with cool bridges, class 2 rapids and hilly scenery.
- Hwy Q (Port 4) to Hwy O: 5.2 miles. Good section just after the city of Richland Center. Reviewed Aug 2015.
- Hwy Q (Port 4) to Bohmann Drive (Port 5): 2.4 miles. A nice section.
- Bohmann Drive (Port 5) to Hwy O: 2.8 miles. Mostly open with some cornfields. Not as nice as the previous sections, but still pleasant.
- Hwy O to Twin Bluffs: 5.0 miles
- Twin Bluffs to Gotham (mouth at the Wisconsin River): 9.0 miles. Mostly floodplain paddling so not as interesting, but still ok.